The History of Cuban-American Radio. The close of the s marked a turning point in the function of radio broadcasts from respective governments. By , however, VOA transmissions had been reduced to a mere minute broadcasts to Latin America. By , the Cuban-American Radio War was in full force, with government-crafted broadcasts launched in opposite directions. These early broadcasts all purported to be the one station reporting absolute truth with utmost objectivity, unlike the propagandistic enemy.
VOA broadcasts were exclusively sent overseas, as its charter forbade the organization from broadcasting to the United States. After decades of high power frequencies aimed in opposite directions, there came a truce.
New Fidel Castro memoir recalls rebel’s life in Mexico | Public Radio International
But the election of Ronald Reagan to the White House in the s reignited the conflict, and this time, things would be different. It is the installment of the Cuban-American Radio War that concerns us here. It would also include radio docudramas about Cuban politics, history, literature and culture, and would highlight sports in Cuba and the United States. The Cuban government responded to the announcement by launching an attack of interference. Making matters worse, the U. For official purposes, the Cuban government was aiming Radio Taino at the newly emerging tourist population, who would want to know more about the culture of the place they were visiting.
Thus, the station was built around and sustained by a two-dimensionally fictional audience: the emerging tourist population who never listened to the radio, and, surreptitiously, a new generation of Cuban exiles abroad who may or may not have been listening. That was the way it kept its doors open as a half-English-speaking radio station that did not constantly pay lip service to the Revolution. But really, something much deeper was at play among Taino employees—a phenomenon that would undermine Cuban Communist ideology.
- Accessibility links;
- Navigation menu;
- Survive Marriage Separation: What to Say and Do to Keep Your Marriage.
- RAP & COUNT BABY HIP-HOP (RAP ALONG STORY BOOK) (Baby Hip-Hop Series Book 2)?
The station started off by stressing cultural roots and folklore in their programming, but soon, it found it could command larger audiences by playing foreign music. Though Radio Marti was supposed to be the voice of capitalism, it was a public station and had no commercials. Generally, people tend to prefer radio without commercials; but for young Cubans, commercials were a new phenomenon. But the absence of ideology eventually gave way to the entrance of capitalism. Thus, Radio Taino had come to espouse the very principles it sought to combat. In large part, the transformation of Radio Taino was the result of historical, economic forces.
The Cuban government was forced to make ideological sacrifices in order to maintain a flow of income. If that meant commercials would be played on Cuban government radio, so be it.
The collapse of the Soviet Union undoubtedly played a role in the transformation of Radio Taino as a commercial, capitalistic station in a Communist country. For two countries blocked off in an economic embargo, they have had remarkable influence on each other in the last half-decade. The radio war is just one manifestation.
Though a myriad of historical and economic factors have played a role in the recent opening of Cuban culture, media and economy, the radio was undoubtedly a catalyst for ideological change in Cuba. Up until , the radio war seemed to be a game of chicken between two sides, ever insisting on the truth of their ideology. Lost in this bout of strategy, the Cuban government let capitalism seep through.
Antich, Arnaldo C. Increasing numbers of U. During these years, Cubans filled more public offices than they had under Spanish rule, and much was done for public works, sanitation, and education. Most notable…. French military officers, most notably the young marquis de Lafayette, fought with the American forces, and for a short while the French navy had control of the high seas. The real victor of the Siege of Yorktown,….
Therefore, de Gaulle accelerated the quiet development of…. Standing feet 93 metres high including its pedestal, it represents a woman holding a torch in her raised right hand and a tablet bearing the adoption date of the Declaration of Independence July 4, in her left. The torch,…. The line was chosen by U.
- Foreign relations of Cuba - Wikipedia!
- Color Atlas of Hematology (Flexibook);
- How Cuba won the missile crisis | Public Radio International;
- How Castro Held the World Hostage - The New York Times;
- Scrumptious Couples!
- Search form;
In the summer of the North…. In April North Korea shot down a U. Relations with the United States in particular reached a low point in January , when U. George W. Tensions remained…. Their request, however, received no answer.
Radio Havana Cuba
At the Yalta Conference held in…. S-supplied light-water reactors, which are more resistant to nuclear proliferation. Despite some success with initial implementation, the agreement effectively ended in because of open hostility between the two countries. A first apparent breakthrough for U. In August U. President Harry S.
Senate and House of Representatives asked for unrestricted Jewish immigration to the…. Revision of the agreements in recognized Philippine sovereignty over the bases. All installations subsequently raised the Philippine flag and were placed under Filipino command. Crowds backed by leading elements in the Roman Catholic church, the press, labour unions, and a portion of the army rose up to demand his resignation.
The Reagan administration, like previous U.
In the new Commonwealth of the Philippines adopted that flag in anticipation of eventual independence. Under Japanese occupation, the Philippine flag was first forbidden and then officially recognized on October 14, , when…. Roads, dams, power plants, and factories were constructed, irrigation projects carried out, and education broadened. When foreign assistance declined in the s, the sale of natural gas to the…. Backed by the United States, the mujahideen rebellion grew, spreading to all parts of the country. The Soviets initially left the suppression of the rebellion to the Afghan army, but the latter was beset by mass desertions and remained largely ineffective throughout the war.
The third phase, a turn to classic counterinsurgency doctrine, began in and accelerated with U. The United States consistently represented the largest foreign force in Afghanistan, and it bore the heaviest losses. By spring more than 1, U. Both Britain and…. On October 18 the U. In September a conference of representatives of all states extended the authority of the Renner government to all parts of Austria. Though the British prime minister,…. Bahrain is the headquarters for the U. The United Kingdom maintains a small military presence. The government ended worker coadministration of the nationalized mine companies and cut back on social services.
It also invited North American petroleum…. Bulgaria did not send troops to the front and was relatively untouched by military operations until the summer…. At the same time, Sihanouk feared the eventual success of the Vietnamese communists in their war against South Vietnam and the United States, and he dreaded the prospect of a unified Vietnam under communist control.
To gain some freedom…. The creation of the Permanent Joint Board on Defense in was a significant….
The policy of the Liberal government in power since , wartime cooperation, and the close economic interconnections between Canada and the United States had brought the two neighbours into a more intimate relationship than ever before. Canada and the United States also clashed over fishing rights in the North Atlantic and, in the s, over…. Economic links with the United States, which had grown after the economic crisis of the s, were strengthened after World War II; U.
These arrangements made up a complex of foreign privileges by virtue of the most-favoured-nation clauses guaranteeing trading equality conceded to every signatory. All in all, they provided a basis for later inroads such…. The United States, the European Community later succeeded by the European Union , and Japan imposed sanctions, though by China had largely regained its international standing with all but the United States.
But by the mids both sides had taken steps toward improved relations, and China…. Neither side, however, had any intention. They negotiated a treaty with the United States that created a Canal Zone 10 miles 16 km wide under U. Meanwhile, U.
Related An Air War with Cuba: The United States Radio Campaign Against Castro
Copyright 2019 - All Right Reserved