The two main types of abortion are medical and surgical. Here, we discuss these types of abortion and bleeding that women may experience afterward. A medical abortion is when the doctor gives a woman abortion pills to end her pregnancy. This type of abortion is available in the first 10 weeks of pregnancy. Misoprostol causes the uterus to contract, which forces the pregnancy tissue to pass out through the vagina. This treatment results in bleeding, which can be similar to having a heavy period. Some people experience heavier bleeding than others, and it may contain large blood clots.
A woman may then experience spotting or light bleeding for up to 2 weeks after the pregnancy tissue passes out. Surgical abortions typically take place after week 10 of pregnancy. There are two types of surgical abortion:.
Doctors usually use vacuum aspiration up to around 14—16 weeks after a woman's last period. After a longer time, they will generally recommend dilation and evacuation. Surgical abortions can also cause postabortion bleeding, which may be similar to a normal period.
Bleeding after a surgical abortion usually lasts around 1—2 weeks. Some women may experience spotting up until their next period. A woman will usually have her next period 4—8 weeks after having an abortion. The abortion empties the uterus, so restarts the menstrual cycle. The start date of a woman's next period will depend on whether she is using birth control and, if so, which type. If a woman's periods do not start within 8 weeks of having an abortion, she should speak to her doctor.
Some birth control methods may affect the regularity of periods after an abortion. If a person typically has irregular periods , they may continue to experience these after an abortion. Having an abortion can lead to emotional stress , which may also affect someone's menstrual cycle. Experiencing stress can change the regularity of periods.
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If a woman has irregular periods after an abortion and did not previously, she should speak to her doctor. After a surgical abortion, a woman's first period may be shorter than usual. The abortion procedure fully empties the uterus, so there is less tissue to expel, which can result in a lighter period. A women's first period may be longer than usual, following a medical abortion, because the treatment uses hormones that may impact her cycle length.
This period can also be heavier as the body may have additional tissue to expel after the procedure. Using pads during the first period after an abortion allows a woman to monitor the amount of blood she is losing.
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The second period after an abortion is likely to return to how an individual's periods were before. That said, some women may find that it takes two or three cycles for their periods to return to normal. If this does not happen, they should speak to their doctor. Women can start using birth control straight after an abortion.
If they want to use an intrauterine device IUD , they can ask a healthcare professional to fit one during the same appointment as the abortion. IUDs are an effective form of birth control.
The advantage of copper IUDs is that they do not affect mood, but they may cause heavier periods. Which contraception method to use is a personal choice, and different options work for different people. If a woman experiences very heavy bleeding after an abortion or pain that is not manageable with over-the-counter pain medication, she should speak to her doctor.
Blood clots up to the size of a lemon are normal during postabortion bleeding. Blood clots that are larger than this are something to discuss with a doctor. Symptoms that may include dizziness , sweating, and nausea during or after an abortion are typical. However, women who feel very faint or have a high temperature should talk to their doctor. But there are some clues that it will start soon:. A period happens because of changes in hormones in the body. Hormones are chemical messengers.
The ovaries release the female hormones estrogen and progesterone. These hormones cause the lining of the uterus or womb to build up. The built-up lining is ready for a fertilized egg to attach to and start developing. If there is no fertilized egg, the lining breaks down and bleeds. Then the same process happens all over again.
It usually takes about a month for the lining to build up, then break down. That is why most girls and women get their periods around once a month. The same hormones that cause the uterus lining to build up also cause an egg to leave one of the ovaries. The egg travels through a thin tube called a fallopian tube to the uterus.
If the egg is fertilized by a sperm cell, it attaches to the wall of the uterus, where over time it develops into a baby.
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If the egg is not fertilized, the uterus lining breaks down and bleeds, causing a period. For the first few years after a girl starts her period, it may not come regularly. This is normal at first. Featured Article Image. Sleep Related Movement Disorders. During sleep Many women find that their dreams change when pregnant. Dreams can become more intense and vivid, and some women experience an increase in nightmares and dreams that involve anxiety. One possible reason: Pregnancy causes a change in hormone levels, which in turn affects sleep rhythms , leading to new dream patterns.
Learn how pregnancy can affect your dreams and how As women enter menopause, a decrease in the production of certain hormones causes many physical and emotional changes. Along with Sleep Health. How to Sleep Better During Menopause.
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