The combined forces of Russia, Prussia, Austria, and others just used a simple plan, retreating from the emperor himself and advancing again when he moved to face the next threat.
BBC - History - Napoleon Bonaparte
Nevertheless, for the first half of Napoleon exhibited the military genius of his youth, but it was a war he couldn't win alone. On March 30, , Paris surrendered to allied forces without a fight and, facing massive betrayal and impossible military odds, Napoleon abdicated as Emperor of France; he was exiled to the Island of Elba. Traveling to France in secret, he attracted vast support and reclaimed his imperial throne, as well as reorganizing the army and government.
After a series of initial engagements, Napoleon was narrowly defeated in one of history's greatest battles: Waterloo. This final adventure had occurred in less than days, closing with Napoleon's second abdication on June 25, , whereupon British forces forced him into further exile. Housed on St. Helena, a small rocky island well away from Europe in the South Atlantic Ocean, Napoleon's health and character fluctuated; he died within six years, on May 5, , at age Napoleon helped perpetuate a state of European-wide warfare that lasted for 20 years.
Few individuals have ever had such a huge effect on the world, on economics, politics, technology, culture, and society.
Napoleon may not have been a general of utter genius, but he was very good; he may not have been the best politician of his age, but he was often superb; he may not have been a perfect legislator, but his contributions were hugely important. Napoleon used his talents—through luck, talent, or force of will—to rise from chaos and then build, lead, and spectacularly destroy an empire before doing it all again in a tiny microcosm one year later.
Whether a hero or tyrant, the reverberations were felt across Europe for a century. Share Flipboard Email. Robert Wilde is a historian with a focus on early medieval Europe who has 15 years of freelance writing experience.
March 8, —Jan. Those endowed with it may perform very good or very bad acts. All depends on the principles which direct them. I, Napoleon. Second Edition.
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Antiquities, Volume One Plates. Editors, History. His success was short-lived: he governed for a period now known as the Hundred Days — a brief second reign brought to an end by the battle of Waterloo in June Following his humiliating defeat at Waterloo, Napoleon was exiled to Saint Helena , where he died in , aged 51, most likely from stomach cancer.
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Napoleon Bonaparte: facts about his life, death and career Napoleon Bonaparte is considered to be one of history's greatest military leaders. February 26, at am. Read more: What killed Napoleon Bonaparte? General Early Modern. Catherine the Great: the first woman to rule Russia. General Modern.
Napoleon Bonaparte Biography
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Book now. It has a point of view about Napoleon but it is also a fair account, leaving no doubt that we are talking about a great man and balancing praise and blame.
- At its height, his empire covered much of Europe.
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The most amazing thing about it though is how good an account it is and how readable it remains even though it is very nearly contemporary with the events it describes. You do lose a little by it being so close. Lockhart gives his country a spirited defence.
In a more class conscious world than the one we live in these things mattered a lot, and it is good to be reminded about that. But leaving aside those it is a very lively and well written account of the remarkable career of a remarkable man.
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